Autism screening typically begins with a questionnaire or checklist that can be filled out by the child’s parents. If the questionnaire or checklist indicates that further evaluation may be needed, a pediatrician or other medical professional can assess the child’s behavior and development further.
If the medical professional believes that the child may have autism, they may refer the family to a specialist such as a psychologist, neurologist, or developmental pediatrician for further evaluation. This evaluation typically includes a physical exam, an assessment of the child’s developmental milestones, and a series of tests to measure their social and communication skills.
If autism is diagnosed, the specialist will typically create a treatment plan and provide resources and support to the family.